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Developing students' ability to construct feedback

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This paper, written for the Graduates for the 21st Century Enhancement Theme looks at the case for improving feedback in higher education by enhancing opportunities for peer feedback; that is, students evaluating and giving feedback on each other's work. The paper covers the benefits of this approach (fosters active learning and active engagement with criteria and standards, provides reciprocity: producing and receiving feedback, develops disciplinary expertise, fosters learning communities and develops a core skill of making qualitative judgements). It also looks at a number of examples where peer feedback has been implemented. It concludes that the potential of peer feedback as a process whereby students construct their understanding and develop critical judgment by reviewing and commenting on the work of others is largely untapped.
David Nicol, University of Strathclyde
Publication Date: December 2011

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